Timeline

30 Jan 1933 – Hitler appointed Chancellor of Germany

 

04 Feb 1933 – Decree for the “protection of the German people” increases restrictions on freedom of press

 

13 Mar 1933 – Reich Ministry for Popular Enlightenment and Propaganda created, Joseph Goebbels appointed head

 

March 1933 – American Jewish Committee publishes The Jews in Nazi Germany, the first comprehensive attempt to make Americans aware of the fate of Jews under Nazi rule

 

01 Apr 1933 – Anti-Jewish boycott begins

 

10 May 1933 – Books deemed to be “un-German” are publicly burned throughout Germany

 

22 Sept 1933 – Reich Culture Chamber is created to “coordinate” the media

 

04 Oct 1933 – Editor’s law forbids Jews and those married to Jews from working in journalism

 

02 Aug 1934 – Hitler becomes president of Germany

 

19 Aug 1934 – Hitler merges the positions of chancellor and president

 

25 Apr 1935 – Joeseph Goebbels becomes supreme censorship authority as head of the Reich Chamber of Literature

 

15 Sept 1935 – Nuremberg Laws strip Jews of all rights as German citizens; Goebbels obtains Hitler’s approval for tougher measures against publishers and booksellers

 

1936 – Propaganda ministry restricted Jewish booksellers to only sell Jewish books by Jewish authors to Jews

01 Aug 1936 –Olympic Games begin in Berlin; Nazis remove anti-Semitic propaganda from Berlin

 

08 Nov 1937 – Nazi propaganda exhibit opens in Munich: Der Ewige Jude (The Eternal Jew)

 

12-13 Mar 1938 – Germany annexes Austria

 

09-10 Nov 1938 – Nazis burn synagogues, Jewish libraries, and Jewish schools in a nationwide pogrom (Kristallnacht)

 

12 Nov 1938 – Decree issued eliminating Jews from German economic life

 

28 Aug 1939 – Military censorship of German press established

 

01 Sept 1939 – Germany invades Poland

 

15 Apr 1940 – All books by Jewish authors banned in greater Reich

 

30 Apr 1940 – Lodz ghetto is sealed, first major Jewish ghetto

 

May 1940 – Germany invades Netherlands

20 May 1940 – Auschwitz established

 

15 Nov 1940 – Warsaw ghetto is sealed

 

22 Jun 1941 – Germany invades Soviet Union

 

Sept 1941 – Jews in German Reich must wear yellow star; Germans plunder Vilna Library

 

03 Sept 1941 – first Zyklon B gassing experiments at Auschwitz

 

23 Oct 1941 – Jews forbidden from emigrating from German Reich

 

07 Dec 1941 – Japan bombs Pearl Harbor

 

04 Jul 1942 – Jews begin to be systematically gassed at Auschwitz

 

17 Dec 1942 – Official Allied confirmation of Nazi extermination policy

 

19 Apr – 16 May 1943 – Warsaw ghetto revolt

 

1944 – Raphael Lemkin coins the word “genocide”

 

1945 – Allies order destruction of emblems/ signs glorifying the Nazi party

 

27 Jan 1945 – Soviet troops enter Auschwitz

 

07 Mar 1945 – American forces cross the Rhine

 

15 Apr 1945 – British troops enter Bergen-Belsen

 

08 May 1945 – Soviet forces liberate Theresienstadt

 

02 Sept 1945 – Japan surrenders; end of WWII

 

 

 

Source: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. (n.d.). Propaganda timeline. Retrieved from http://www.ushmm.org/propaganda/exhibit.html#/timeline/

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